Environmental Assessments

Appropriate Assessment and Natura impact statements under EU Habitats Directive

The obligation to undertake Appropriate Assessment (AA) derives from Articles 6 (3) and 6 (4) of the EU Habitats Directive (Directive 92/43/EEC). AA is a focused and detailed impact assessment of the implications of the plan or project, alone and in combination with other plans and projects, on the integrity of a Natura 2000 site in view of its conservation objectives. The analysis of potential effects on the site must be obtained and presented in a Natura Impact Statement (NIS).

Natura Impact Statement; the statement prepared following Appropriate Assessment of Natura 2000 sites as required under the Habitats Directive which presents information on the assessment and the process of collating data on a project and its potential significant impacts on Natura 2000 sites.


Environmental Impact Assessment Report (EIAR)

The process of examining the anticipated environmental effects of a proposed project – from consideration of environmental aspects at design stage, through consultation and preparation of an Environmental Impact Assessment Report (EIAR).


Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA)

The SEA Directive, Directive 2001/42/EC, requires that environmental assessments are carried out in respect of certain plans and programmes which are likely to have significant effects on the environment.